Hotel Mercure Roma West
Viale Eroi di Cefalonia, 301, 00128 Roma RM, Italy
Rome, Italy’s capital, is a sprawling, cosmopolitan city with nearly 3,000 years of globally influential art, architecture and culture on display. Ancient ruins such as the Forum and the Colosseum evoke the power of the former Roman Empire. Vatican City, headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, has St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican Museums, which house masterpieces such as Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel frescoes.The population of the city of Rome is around 2.7 million. The entire metropolitan area of Rome has an estimated 3.7 million people.By the early fourth century, the Romans had built a road network of 53,000 miles throughout the empire. Each Roman mile was about 1,000 paces (about 4,800 feet) and was marked by a milestone. Hence the proverb "All roads lead to Rome."The word “palace” comes from the Palatine Hill, where Augustus established the emperors’ tradition of building their palaces. .Modern Rome has 280 fountains and more than 900 churches.In Ancient Rome only free-born Roman men were allowed to wear togas, which was a sign of Roman citizenship. The Roman women wore stolas, which were a female toga version made from linen.Rome is 4,336 m (14,453 ft) above sea level and located inland about 27 kilometers (17 miles) from the Tyrrhenian Sea.Rome is known as the "Eternal city" and also "Caput Mundi," coming from Latin and meaning capital of the world. Rome’s mascot is a she-wolf that cared for the brothers Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.Trajan’s Column in Rome is 128 feet high. The sculptural frieze that wraps around the column is approximately 655 feet in length.Rome became the capital city of a unified Italy in 1870 after taking the title from Florence.Rome was built on the seven hills, a term coined to describe the Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine and Palatine hills surrounding the old community.